Ganesh Chaturthi 2023: Rituals, samagri, Shubh muhurat and more

Ganesh Chaturthi 2023

Ganesh Chaturthi, also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi, is one of India’s most widely celebrated festivals dedicated to Lord Ganesha, the elephant-headed God of wisdom, prosperity, and good fortune. This auspicious festival falls on the fourth day (Chaturthi) of the Bhadrapada month of the Hindu calendar. In 2023, Ganesh Chaturthi will be celebrated with great enthusiasm on September September 19. This blog explores the rituals, samagri (materials), shubh muhurat (auspicious timings), and more for Ganesh Chaturthi in 2023.


Significance of Ganesh Chaturthi

Hindus celebrate Ganesh Chaturthi with grandeur and devotion, highlighting its immense significance. They revere Ganesha as the remover of hurdles, embodying intelligence and sagacity, and championing fresh starts.  People believe that by worshiping Lord Ganesha on this day, they can seek his blessings for success, prosperity, and removing hindrances in their lives.


Rituals and Traditions

  1. Ganpati Idol Installation: The central ritual of Ganesh Chaturthi is the installation of Ganesha idols in homes and public pandals (temporary structures). Devotees start preparations well in advance by purchasing or sculpting Lord Ganesha’s clay idols. The size of the idol can vary from a few inches to several feet.
  2. Pranapratishtha: During Ganesh Chaturthi, the idol is positioned atop an elevated platform, where a ritual known as ‘Pranapratishtha’ takes place. During this ritual, a priest invokes the spirit of Lord Ganesha into the idol, infusing it with life.
  3. Offerings (Naivedya): Devotees prepare a variety of sweets, fruits, and other offerings to Lord Ganesha, such as modak (a sweet dumpling), laddoos, coconut rice, and jaggery-based dishes. These offerings are known as ‘Naivedya’ and are placed before the idol.
  4. Aarti and Bhajans: Throughout the festival, devotees sing devotional songs and perform aarti (ritual of waving lamps) to seek the blessings of Lord Ganesha. Devotees sing traditional bhajans (devotional songs) dedicated to Ganesha with great enthusiasm.
  5. Ganesh Visarjan: Ganesh Chaturthi celebrations culminate with the immersion of the Ganesha idols in water bodies, such as rivers or the sea. This act symbolizes the departure of Lord Ganesha, with devotees bidding him farewell with a heavy heart. Processions, music, and dance accompany the immersion.

Samagri (Materials) Required

You will need specific materials or samagri to perform Ganesh Chaturthi rituals effectively. Here’s a list of essential items:

  1. Ganesha Idol: Choose an eco-friendly clay idol of Lord Ganesha.
  2. Decorative Items: Purchase decorative items such as flowers, garlands, and torans to adorn the idol and the place of worship.
  3. Modak and Sweets: Prepare or buy modak, laddoos, and other sweets as offerings to Lord Ganesha.
  4. Incense and Camphor: Use incense sticks and camphor for the aarti ceremony.
  5. Diya or Oil Lamp: Light a diya or an oil lamp during the aarti.
  6. Turmeric and Kumkum: These are used for applying tilak to the idol.
  7. Coconut: Offer a coconut to Lord Ganesha, which symbolizes purity and auspiciousness.
  8. Red Cloth: Drape a red cloth around the idol for decoration.

Shubh Muhurat (Auspicious Timings)

Here are the auspicious timings (Shubh Muhurat) for Ganesh Chaturthi 2023 in various cities across India:

  • Pune: The favorable time for celebrations is from 11:15 a.m. to 01:41 p.m.
  • New Delhi: In the capital city, the auspicious period is from 11:01 a.m. to 01:28 p.m.
  • Chennai: Chennai observes a Shubh Muhurat from 10:50 a.m. to 01:16 p.m.
  • Jaipur: For Jaipur, the best time for Ganesh Chaturthi celebrations is from 11:07 a.m. to 01:34 pm.
  • Hyderabad: Hyderabad follows a Shubh Muhurat from 10:57 am to 01:23 pm.
  • Gurugram: In Gurugram, the auspicious hours are from 11:02 am to 01:29 pm.
  • Chandigarh: Chandigarh’s Shubh Muhurat falls between 11:03 a.m. and 01:30 p.m.
  • Kolkata: The preferred time for Ganesh Chaturthi celebrations in Kolkata is from 10:17 a.m. to 12:44 p.m.
  • Mumbai: Mumbai observes a favorable time from 11:19 a.m. to 01:43 pm.

These timings provide a guideline for when you can perform the Ganesh Chaturthi rituals and ceremonies in these cities to ensure an auspicious and blessed celebration.

Celebrations Across India

People celebrate Ganesh Chaturthi with immense fervor and regional variations across India. Some of the most famous celebrations include:

  1. Mumbai, Maharashtra: Mumbai is renowned for its grand public pandals and processions. The Lalbaugcha Raja and Ganesh Galli Mandal are among the most popular ones, attracting millions of devotees.
  2. Pune, Maharashtra: Pune is known for its elaborately crafted Ganesha idols, cultural programs, and immersion processions.
  3. Hyderabad, Telangana: In Hyderabad, the Khairatabad Ganesh is a famous 40-foot idol that draws huge crowds.
  4. Jaipur, Rajasthan: Jaipur is known for its beautifully decorated idols and colorful processions.
  5. Kolkata, West Bengal: In Kolkata, people celebrate the festival as ‘Ganesh Chaturthi Parv,’ and they often craft idols in the traditional Bengali style.
  6. Chennai, Tamil Nadu: In Tamil Nadu, people celebrate the festival with great devotion, adorning idols of Lord Ganesha with flowers and fruits.
  7. Delhi: In the national capital, people install Ganesha idols in their homes and organize community celebrations with cultural programs.

    Eco-Friendly Celebrations

    In recent years, there has been a growing awareness about the environmental impact of the immersion of idols made from non-biodegradable materials. Many communities and individuals have switched to eco-friendly Ganesha idols made from clay and natural colors. These idols dissolve easily in water, causing minimal harm to the environment. Encouraging the use of traditional materials and eco-friendly practices preserves the sanctity of the festival while protecting our planet.