In 2023, Janmashtami is observed on September 6th and 7th, celebrating the birth of Lord Krishna, the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. This significant festival occurs on the eighth day of the dark fortnight in Bhadrapada. This year marks the 5250th birthday of Lord Krishna, and devotees honor this occasion with fasting and heartfelt prayers for his blessings. Explore further for auspicious timings, city-specific schedules, puja essentials, customs, and comprehensive insights into this cherished festival.
Krishna Janmashtami 2023 Shubh Muhurat:
This year, Janmashtami falls on two consecutive days, 6th and 7th September. According to Drik Panchang, the auspicious Nishita Puja time extends from 11:57 p.m. on September 6th to 12:42 a.m. on September 7th. Additionally, the Ashtami Tithi commences at 3:37 p.m. on September 6th and concludes at 4:14 p.m. on September 7th. Furthermore, the Rohini Nakshatra Tithi spans from 9:20 a.m. on September 6th to 10:25 a.m. on September 7th.
Krishna Janmashtami Puja Samagri:
The Puja Samagri (items required for Krishna Janmashtami Puja) typically includes:
- Idol or Image of Lord Krishna: An idol or image of the infant Lord Krishna is the central focus of the puja.
- Flowers: Fresh and fragrant flowers decorate the idol and the puja area.
- Tulsi Leaves: Devotees consider Tulsi (Holy Basil) leaves sacred and offer them to Lord Krishna.
- Fruits: Devotees offer various fruits such as bananas, apples, and grapes as bhog (offering).
- Sweets: Devotees prepare and offer sweets like mithai, kheer, and homemade sweets to Lord Krishna.
- Milk and Milk Products: People commonly offer milk, curd, and butter, symbolizing Lord Krishna’s affection for dairy products.
- Incense Sticks and Dhoop: Incense sticks and dhoop (fragrant smoke) create a sacred atmosphere.
- Camphor: Devotees light camphor and wave it before the deity as part of the aarti (ritual of offering light).
- Ghee: Ghee (clarified butter) is used to prepare sweets and as an offering.
- Oil: Sesame oil is often used for lighting lamps.
- Cotton Wicks: Cotton wicks are used in oil lamps or diyas.
- Puja Thali: A plate or tray holds all the puja items.
- Bell: Devotees ring a bell during the puja to invoke the presence of the deity.
- Conch Shell: People consider the sound of a conch shell auspicious and blow it before commencing the puja.
- Sankha (Shell): The conch shell often offers water to the deity.
- Holy Water: Devotees use Ganga Jal (water from the Ganges) or clean, pure water for the rituals.
- Sandalwood Paste and Kumkum: People use these items for tilak (forehead mark) and decorating the deity.
- Candles and Lamps: People light decorative candles and oil lamps for aarti and decoration.
- Coins: Silver or copper coins may be placed in the puja area.
- Red and Yellow Cloth: Devotees consider red and yellow auspicious colors for dressing the idol or decorating the puja area.
- Mala (Garland): Devotees use a garland of fresh flowers or tulsi beads to adorn the idol.
It’s important to note that the specific items and rituals may vary based on regional customs and personal preferences. Devotees often perform elaborate prayers, sing bhajans (devotional songs), and read from sacred texts like the Bhagavad Gita during Krishna Janmashtami celebrations.
Traditions of Krishna Janmashtami 2023 include:
- Fasting: Devotees observe a fast in reverence to Lord Krishna.
- Reciting Religious Texts: Reading and reciting sacred texts, particularly the Bhagavata Purana, is common.
- Dance and Enactment: Enthusiastic performances portraying Krishna’s life from the Bhagavata Purana through dance and enactments.
- Midnight Devotional Singing: Devotional songs and hymns continue until midnight, signifying the moment of Krishna’s birth.
- Decorations: People adorn homes and places of worship with garlands and light them up with diyas (oil lamps).
- Idol Bathing: Devotees ritually bathe the idol of Bal Gopal.
- Dressing and Adornment: The idol is dressed in new clothes, adorned with jewelry, and embellished with fragrant flowers, expressing deep devotion.